It’s really shocking. You see the security
forces who are just shooting. The protests
were triggered by a massive rise
in the fuel price. And within hours
of the protests starting, the
authorities resorted to the use of firearms
to crush down these voices. The Iranian authorities
shut down the internet. It happened extremely quickly.
Between 24 hours people were no longer online
and seeing our messages. However, many
people courageously sent these videos. And as the internet has
been restored slowly Amnesty International
has been able to look in to dozens of videos that
have emerged. The Iranian authorities have a history
of using excessive force against peaceful protesters. What we’ve seen this time
though is an unprecedented use of lethal force against
unarmed protesters. Now I can show you
some of the footage that the Iranian
authorities clearly did not want the world to see. This is a video from
Tehran that emerged on 17th November onwards. It is this moment,
especially that shows security
forces shooting directly at the people at the
end of the street. This is what shows us
that the authorities have been unlawfully
using firearms against unarmed protesters. This sign on the
building indicates that this building belongs
to the Department of Justice. The people
on the rooftop who are shooting into crowds of
people are wearing uniforms which indicates that they are
from security forces. Based on our research, the majority of the deaths
have resulted almost entirely from the use of firearms. If I pause here, you can
see a man who holds a gun and is shooting
at the protesters he’s not wearing a
uniform and people who are not familiar
may mistakenly think that he’s a protester.
But he is a plain clothes official. And you can
gather this information because as you can
see, all the security forces are standing on
this side of the street. So in general, it doesn’t
seem that the authorities want to hide the
identities of these people. And that adds an additional
layer of illegality to the situation. This is the footage
from the city of Shiraz in Fars Province. You clearly hear
people chanting slogans against the current
supreme leader. While the protests were triggered by the sudden
rise in fuel prices, they have expanded
to include grievances against political
repression and political authoritarianism. Many protesters have certainly
suffered from injuries caused by beatings. People
who have been injured are not going to the hospitals because they are
afraid that they will be arrested by the authorities. There is at least one
report that the intelligence authorities have forced the
management of a hospital to submit to them the list
of newly admitted patients. There are also some
horrific reports that we are still
investigating that the authorities are
forcing the families to pay in order to receive the
bodies of their loved one. In some cases, families have
been told that they need to pay for the price of
the bullet that was used to kill their loved one. If these reports are true, this is an additional
layer of cruelty against families who’ve
already suffered unspeakably. On 20th November the forced
confessions of one woman who had been reportedly arrested
was aired on state T.V. We can expect that in
the coming days or weeks there will be a wave of
televised confessions that have been extracted
under torture and other ill treatment. This pattern of
unlawful killing will continue unless the
Iranian authorities are held to account. And for that to happen, it’s essential that
international experts from the U.N. are allowed to
enter their country, interview the families of those killed, visit detention centers and
hospitals and cemeteries and build a fair picture
of the horrific events that took place in the country.