The Central African Republic is located in Middle Africa. It used to be a French colony but became independent in 1960. With a population of 4.8 million people it is one of the least populous countries in the world. Its gross national income in 2018 was 480 USD per person. Distribution of income is extraordinarily unequal, though. The country’s debt-to-GDP ratio is roughly 50 percent, by the way. The basis of the Central African economy is agriculture, which contributes half of the gross domestic product and occupies nearly four-fifths of the workforce. Men clear the fields while cultivation is largely the responsibility of women, who grow cassava, corn, millet, sorghum, rice, squashes, and peanuts for their families’ consumption. Tropical rainforest covers a third of the country, and timber exports are a vital source of foreign exchange, followed by cotton and coffee. The Central African Republic also has a wealth of mineral resources, including diamonds, which account for nearly half of the country’s total export earnings. The value of all exported goods was about $192 million in 2017, whereas goods worth $416 million were imported, which results in a trade deficit of 224 million U.S. dollars. The most important trading partner is France. Doing business in the Central African Republic is extremely difficult, especially for non-French companies, due to regulations. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR’s landlocked geography, its largely unskilled workforce and mismanagement by the government. And well, with no railways and only about 400 miles of paved roads, moving products and people is extremely difficult. Some commerce travels along unpaved roads, but the country relies on waterways. About five-sevenths of the international trade is shipped by river. The country’s waterfalls are also sources of hydroelectric power and dams produce most of the country’s electricity. There is also fighting between the government and its opponents. Militia violence continues to fuel displacement and hunger. Concerning environmental responsibility, about 150 citizens of the Central African Republic cause as much greenhouse gas emissions as one single American does.